The research in the Turro group encompasses a wide area of chemistry – including inorganic, physical, supramolecular, and biological chemistry. There is a variety of projects that students are working on in the group. Many of these projects involve the use of optical instrumentation, such as absorption, steady-state emission, and lifetime instruments. In addition, time-resolved laser spectroscopy with optical detection is an important tool to measure rates of photo initiated reactions and to obtain spectral information on excited states and short-lived reactive intermediates. The use of transition metal complexes in these studies involve the preparation of known compounds, but new complexes are also synthesized for the biological projects.